Monthly Archives: 2월 2017

Voith Gravita


Voith Gravita family

Gravita 10BB

Type and origin

Power type

Voith Turbo


UIC class
5B “B”
5C “C”
10BB, 15BB, 20BB “B-B” [1]

1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
(Standard gauge)

5B ~10 m (32 ft 10 in)
5C ~11 m (36 ft 1 in)
10BB ~15.7 m (51 ft 6 in)
15BB ~16.9 m (55 ft 5 in)
20BB ~18.5 m (60 ft 8 in)[1]

Loco weight
5B 40–45 t (39.4–44.3 long tons; 44.1–49.6 short tons)
5C 60–67.5 t (59.1–66.4 long tons; 66.1–74.4 short tons)
10BB 76–100 t (75–98 long tons; 84–110 short tons)
15BB 80–90 t (79–89 long tons; 88–99 short tons)
20BB 84–88 t (83–87 long tons; 93–97 short tons)[1]

Fuel type
Diesel fuel

Fuel capacity
5B 2,000 L (440 imp gal; 530 US gal)
5C 2,500 L (550 imp gal; 660 US gal)
10BB 3,300 L (730 imp gal; 870 US gal)
15BB 5,000 L (1,100 imp gal; 1,300 US gal)
20BB 6,000 L (1,300 imp gal; 1,600 US gal)[1]

Prime mover
MTU 4000[2]


Performance figures

Maximum speed
5B, 5C 80 km/h (50 mph)
10BB, 15BB 100 km/h (62 mph)
20BB 120 km/h (75 mph)[1]

Power output
5B 400 kW (540 hp)
5C 700 kW (940 hp)
10BB 1,200 kW (1,600 hp)
15BB 1,800 kW (2,400 hp)
20BB 2,200 kW (3,000 hp)[1]

Tractive effort

Maximum tractive effort at μ=0.42:
5B 165–185 kN (37,000–42,000 lbf)
5C 247–289 kN (56,000–65,000 lbf)
10BB 313–412 kN (70,000–93,000 lbf)
15BB 330–317 kN (74,000–71,000 lbf)
20BB 346–363 kN (78,000–82,000 lbf)
Practical starting tractive effort at μ=0.33:
5B 129–146 kN (29,000–33,000 lbf)
5C 194–219 kN (44,000–49,000 lbf)
10BB 246–337 kN (55,000–76,000 lbf)
15BB 259–291 kN (58,000–65,000 lbf)
20BB 272–285 kN (61,000–64,000 lbf)[1]


Official name


Inside drivers cabin of Voith Gravita loco

The Voith Gravita locomotives are a new family of diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Voith Turbo Lokomotivtechnik GmbH & Co. KG.. Available in a range of configurations from 4 to 6 axles, they are designed for shunting and

Indecs Content Model


“Indecs” redirects here. For the journal title abbreviated to INDECS, see Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems.

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indecs[1] (an acronym of “interoperability of data in e-commerce systems”; written in lower case) was a project partly funded by the European Community Info 2000 initiative and by several organisations representing the music, rights, text publishing, authors, library and other sectors in 1998-2000, which has since been used in a number of metadata activities. A final report and related documents were published; the indecs Metadata Framework document[2] is a concise summary.
indecs provided an analysis of the requirements for metadata for e-commerce of content (intellectual property) in the network environment, focusing on semantic interoperability. Semantic interoperability deals with the question of how one computer system knows what the terms from another computer system mean (e.g. if A says “owner” and B says “owner”, are they referring to the same thing? If A says “released” and B says “disseminated”, do they mean different things?).
indecs was built from a simple generic model of commerce (the “model of making”): a model of the life cycle of any kind of content from conception to the final physical or digital copies. The top-level model is summarised as “people make stuff; people use stuff; and (for commerce to take place) people make deals about the stuff”. If secure machine-to-machine management of commerce is to be possible, the stuff, the people and the deals must all be securely identified and described in standardised ways that machines can interpret and use. Central to the analysis is the assumption that it is possible to produce a generic mechanism to handle complex metadata for all different types of content. So, for example, instead of treating sound carriers, books, videos and photographs as fundamentally different things with different (if similar) characteristics, they are all recognised as creations with different values of the same higher-level attributes, whose metadata can be supported in a common environment.


1 Framework
2 Use
3 Intellectual property rights
4 Mapping of terms
5 References

The indecs analysis supports interoperabili