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Lau Kar-wing

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Lau Kar-wing

Chinese name
劉家榮 (traditional)

Chinese name
刘家荣 (simplified)

Pinyin
Liú Jiārong (Mandarin)

Jyutping
Lau4 Gaa1 Wing4 (Cantonese)

Born
1944 (age 72–73)
Jiangmen, Guangdong, China

Other name(s)
Liu Chia-yung
Bruce Lau

Occupation
Actor, director, action choreographer

Years active
1964 – present

Children
Lau Wing-kin

Parents
Lau Cham (father)

Ancestry
Xinhui, Guangdong, China

Awards

Hong Kong Film Awards

Best Action Choreography
1991 Once Upon a Time in China

Lau Kar Wing (simplified Chinese: 刘家荣; traditional Chinese: 劉家榮; pinyin: Liú Jiārong, Liu Jiayung; born 1944) is a Hong Kong martial arts film director, action choreographer and actor.[1]

Contents

1 Background
2 Film career
3 Personal life
4 Selected filmography

4.1 As director
4.2 As martial arts choreographer
4.3 As actor

5 References
6 External links

Background[edit]
Born in the Xinhui District of Jiangmen in Guangdong, China, Lau Kar-wing was the fourth child of Lau Cham (劉湛), a martial arts master who studied under Lam Sai-wing, pupil of the legendary Chinese folk hero, Wong Fei-hung.
Lau began learning kung fu in his early teens. He actually began learning at his father’s school, in secret. However, when his older brother Lau Kar-Leung saw this, he began teaching Kar-wing himself.
Film career[edit]
Before becoming famous, Lau worked as an extra and choreographer on the black & white Wong Fei-hung films, which starred Kwan Tak-hing as the titular hero. Lau was given his start working under his father and brother in these films, and followed his brother to become a stuntman and assistant choreographer.
In the 1960s he became one of the Shaw Brothers Studio’s main action choreographers, working with many directors on films such as King Boxer (1972). Lau evolved to become a director in the late 1970s. By this time he was already an accomplished actor and action choreographer outside of Shaw Brothers.
In the 1970s, Lau formed a partnership with Sammo Hung and Karl Maka. The trio started their own film production company in 1978, Gar Bo Motion Picture Compa

Federation of European Biochemical Societies

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The Federation of the European Biochemical Societies, frequently abbreviated FEBS is an international scientific society promoting activities in biochemistry, molecular biology and molecular biophysics in Europe. Since it was founded in 1964 it has grown to include almost 40,000 members from 36 member societies and 7 associated societies from 43 countries [1].

Contents

1 Present activities
2 Sir Hans Krebs Lecture and Medal
3 Datta Lectureship and Medal
4 Theodor Bücher Lecture and Medal
5 Journals
6 See also
7 References
8 External links

Present activities[edit]
FEBS sponsors advanced courses for Ph.D.-students and postdocs, arranges conferences and awards fellowships, awards and medals. FEBS distributes surplus scientific equipment in the poorer member countries as a part of the Scientific Apparatus Recycling Scheme (SARS). In addition, FEBS gives young scientists from Eastern and Central Europe a possibility to visit and work in labs in Western Europe. FEBS collaborates with related scientific societies such as the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO), European Life Scientist Organisation (ELSO), and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). FEBS is also founding member of the Initiative for Science in Europe.
Sir Hans Krebs Lecture and Medal[edit]
The Sir Hans Krebs Medal is awarded annually for outstanding achievements in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology or related sciences. It was endowed by the Lord Rank Centre for Research and named after the German-born British biochemist Hans Adolf Krebs, well known for identifying the urea and citric acid cycles. The awardee receives a silver medal and presents one of the plenary lectures at the FEBS Congress.[1]
Datta Lectureship and Medal[edit]
The Datta Lectureship award is awarded for outstanding achievements in the field of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology or related sciences. The award is endowed by capital gifts from Elsevier Science Publishers and is named after S. Prakash Datta, the first Managing Editor of FEBS Letters (1968–1985) and Treasurer of FEBS. The awardee, who should normally be from a FEBS country, receives a medal provided by Elsevier Science Publishers and presents one of the plenary lectures at the FEBS Congress.[1]
Theodor Bücher Lecture and Medal[edit]
The Theodor Bücher Lecture and Medal is awarded for outstanding achievements in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology or related sciences. It was endowed by a capital gift from Frau Ingrid Bücher to the Ge

Voith Gravita

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Voith Gravita family

Gravita 10BB

Type and origin

Power type
Diesel-hydraulic

Builder
Voith Turbo

Specifications

UIC class
5B “B”
5C “C”
10BB, 15BB, 20BB “B-B” [1]

Gauge
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
(Standard gauge)

Length
5B ~10 m (32 ft 10 in)
5C ~11 m (36 ft 1 in)
10BB ~15.7 m (51 ft 6 in)
15BB ~16.9 m (55 ft 5 in)
20BB ~18.5 m (60 ft 8 in)[1]

Loco weight
5B 40–45 t (39.4–44.3 long tons; 44.1–49.6 short tons)
5C 60–67.5 t (59.1–66.4 long tons; 66.1–74.4 short tons)
10BB 76–100 t (75–98 long tons; 84–110 short tons)
15BB 80–90 t (79–89 long tons; 88–99 short tons)
20BB 84–88 t (83–87 long tons; 93–97 short tons)[1]

Fuel type
Diesel fuel

Fuel capacity
5B 2,000 L (440 imp gal; 530 US gal)
5C 2,500 L (550 imp gal; 660 US gal)
10BB 3,300 L (730 imp gal; 870 US gal)
15BB 5,000 L (1,100 imp gal; 1,300 US gal)
20BB 6,000 L (1,300 imp gal; 1,600 US gal)[1]

Prime mover
MTU 4000[2]

Transmission
Hydraulic

Performance figures

Maximum speed
5B, 5C 80 km/h (50 mph)
10BB, 15BB 100 km/h (62 mph)
20BB 120 km/h (75 mph)[1]

Power output
5B 400 kW (540 hp)
5C 700 kW (940 hp)
10BB 1,200 kW (1,600 hp)
15BB 1,800 kW (2,400 hp)
20BB 2,200 kW (3,000 hp)[1]

Tractive effort

Maximum tractive effort at μ=0.42:
5B 165–185 kN (37,000–42,000 lbf)
5C 247–289 kN (56,000–65,000 lbf)
10BB 313–412 kN (70,000–93,000 lbf)
15BB 330–317 kN (74,000–71,000 lbf)
20BB 346–363 kN (78,000–82,000 lbf)
[1]
Practical starting tractive effort at μ=0.33:
5B 129–146 kN (29,000–33,000 lbf)
5C 194–219 kN (44,000–49,000 lbf)
10BB 246–337 kN (55,000–76,000 lbf)
15BB 259–291 kN (58,000–65,000 lbf)
20BB 272–285 kN (61,000–64,000 lbf)[1]

Career

Official name
Gravita

Locale
Germany

Inside drivers cabin of Voith Gravita loco

The Voith Gravita locomotives are a new family of diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Voith Turbo Lokomotivtechnik GmbH & Co. KG.. Available in a range of configurations from 4 to 6 axles, they are designed for shunting and

Indecs Content Model

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“Indecs” redirects here. For the journal title abbreviated to INDECS, see Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

indecs[1] (an acronym of “interoperability of data in e-commerce systems”; written in lower case) was a project partly funded by the European Community Info 2000 initiative and by several organisations representing the music, rights, text publishing, authors, library and other sectors in 1998-2000, which has since been used in a number of metadata activities. A final report and related documents were published; the indecs Metadata Framework document[2] is a concise summary.
indecs provided an analysis of the requirements for metadata for e-commerce of content (intellectual property) in the network environment, focusing on semantic interoperability. Semantic interoperability deals with the question of how one computer system knows what the terms from another computer system mean (e.g. if A says “owner” and B says “owner”, are they referring to the same thing? If A says “released” and B says “disseminated”, do they mean different things?).
indecs was built from a simple generic model of commerce (the “model of making”): a model of the life cycle of any kind of content from conception to the final physical or digital copies. The top-level model is summarised as “people make stuff; people use stuff; and (for commerce to take place) people make deals about the stuff”. If secure machine-to-machine management of commerce is to be possible, the stuff, the people and the deals must all be securely identified and described in standardised ways that machines can interpret and use. Central to the analysis is the assumption that it is possible to produce a generic mechanism to handle complex metadata for all different types of content. So, for example, instead of treating sound carriers, books, videos and photographs as fundamentally different things with different (if similar) characteristics, they are all recognised as creations with different values of the same higher-level attributes, whose metadata can be supported in a common environment.

Contents

1 Framework
2 Use
3 Intellectual property rights
4 Mapping of terms
5 References

Framework[edit]
The indecs analysis supports interoperabili